Velar ejective

From Infogalactic: the planetary knowledge core
Jump to: navigation, search
Velar ejective
IPA number 109 + 401
Entity (decimal) k​ʼ
Unicode (hex) U+006B U+02BC
Kirshenbaum k`

The velar ejective is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is ⟨⟩.


Features of the velar ejective:


Language Word IPA Meaning Notes
Abkhaz акы [akʼə] 'one'
Adyghe Temirgoy шкӏэ About this sound [ʃkʼa]  'calf'
Shapsug кӏьапсэ About this sound [kʲʼaːpsa]  'rope' Palatalized. Corresponds to [t͡ʃʼ] in other dialects.
Archi кIан [kʼan] 'bottom'
Armenian Yerevan dialect[1] կեղծ [kʼɛʁt͡sʼ] 'false' Corresponds to tenuis [k⁼] in other Eastern dialects.
English[2][3] Non-local Dublin[4] back [bakʼ] 'back' Allophone of /k/ for some speakers.[4]
Northern English[5][6][7][8] Pre-pausal allophone of /k/ for some speakers;[5][7] may be somewhat palatalised.[5] See English phonology
Southern English[4][5][6][7]
Scottish[9] Occasional word-final allophone of /k/.[9]
Georgian აბა [kʼaba] 'dress'
Haida ttsanskkaagid [tsʼanskʼaːkit] 'beams'
Hausa ƙoƙari [kʼòːkʼɐ̄ɾī] 'effort'
Kabardian Baslaney кӏьэ About this sound [kʲʼa]  'tail' Palatalized. Corresponds to [t͡ʃʼ] in other dialects.
Lezgian кIир [kʼir] 'fang'

See also


  1. Dum-Tragut (2009:17–18)
  2. Wells & Colson (1971:3)
  3. "Ejectives in English | Linguism | Linguistics, Pronunciation and Phonetics". 21 August 2008. Retrieved 11 February 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 "Glossary". Retrieved 11 February 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 "John Wells's phonetic blog: ejectives in English". 8 December 2011. Retrieved 11 February 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  6. 6.0 6.1 Cruttenden (2008:167)
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 Wells (1982:261)
  8. Gimson (1970:34)
  9. 9.0 9.1 Gordeeva & Scobbie (2006)


  • Cruttenden, Alan, ed. (2008), Gimson's Pronunciation of English (7th ed.), London: Hodder, ISBN 0340958774<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Dum-Tragut, Jasmine (2009), Armenian: Modern Eastern Armenian, Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Gimson, Alfred C. (1970), An Introduction to the pronunciation of English, London: Edward Arnold<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Gordeeva, Olga; Scobbie, James M. (2006), Phonetic Conditioning of Word-final Ejective Stops in the Speechfinal Ejective Stops in the Speech of Scottish English Pre-school Children (PDF), Edinburg: Speech Science Research Centre, Queen Margaret University College<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Wells, John C.; Colson, Greta (1971), Practical Phonetics, London: Pitman, ISBN 0-273-43949-9<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Wells, John C. (1982), Accents of English I: An Introduction, Cambridge, New York: Cambridge University Press, ISBN 0-521-29719-2<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>