|9th Prime Minister of Moldova|
25 September 2009 – 25 April 2013
|President||Mihai Ghimpu (Acting)
Marian Lupu (Acting)
|Preceded by||Vitalie Pîrlog (Acting)|
|Succeeded by||Iurie Leancă|
|President of Moldova
28 December 2010 – 30 December 2010
|Preceded by||Mihai Ghimpu (Acting)|
|Succeeded by||Marian Lupu (Acting)|
May 6, 1969 |
Lăpușna, Soviet Union
|Political party||Democratic Party (1997–2007)
Liberal Democratic Party (2007–present)
|Alliance for Democracy and Reforms (1998–1999)
Alliance for European Integration (2009–present)
|Spouse(s)||Sanda Filat (Divorced 2012)
Angela Gonța (2014–present)
|Alma mater||Cooperation College
University of Iaşi
Vladimir Filat (born May 6, 1969), commonly referred to as Vlad Filat (pronounced [vlad fiˈlat]) is a Moldavian businessman and politician, founder of Liberal Democratic Party of Moldova. He was the Prime Minister of Moldova from September 25, 2009 to April 25, 2013. He also was appointed as the Interim President of Moldova for a brief period of time in 2010.
Education and early career
Vlad is the second child of Maria and Vasile Filat and was born on May 6, 1969, in Lăpuşna, a commune in the Moldavian SSR. Alongside his two sisters (Ala and Valentina) and brother Ion, Vlad grew up in a part of Lăpuşna called "Talcioc". In 1986, he graduated from high school in his hometown. Between 1986 and 1987, he worked at the school radio station until he was called up for military service. He carried out his compulsory military service in the Soviet army (May 8, 1987 — August 15, 1989), in Simferopol and Sevastopol.
From 1989 to 1990, he studied at the Cooperation College (Kooperativny technikum) of Chişinău, going on to study law at the University of Iaşi (1990–1994). As a student, he was the leader of the "League of students from Bessarabia in Romania", an organization formed by Moldovan students in Romania. In Iaşi, among his classmates was Alexandru Tănase. While he was a student in Iaşi, he met his wife Sanda in the autumn of 1991; they dated for only three months before they married.
Between 1994–1998, Vlad Filat initiated and conducted more business in Romania. He was general director of "RoMold Trading SRL" in Iaşi (1994–1997) and the president of the Administrative Council of "Dosoftei" company in Iaşi (1997–1998).
Early political activity
Filat was a member of the Democratic Party of Moldova from 1997, when the party was founded, until 2007.
Having returned to Moldova for good in 1998, he was appointed general director of the Department of Privatization and State Property Administration from the Ministry of Economy and Reform of the Government of the Republic of Moldova (1998-1999).
In 2000, Filat was elected Vice-President of the Democratic Party. In the 2005 parliamentary election, he became a member of the Moldovan Parliament. Until March 2009, he was Vice-President of the Parliamentary Commission for Security, Public Order, and Defense. He was also a member of the EU-Moldova Parliamentary Cooperation Committee.
He ran for Mayor of Chişinău in the 2007 local election and won 8.32% of the vote, in fourth place. Soon after the local election, in September 2007, he left the Democratic Party after ten years of political activity inside the party.
Filat has been the President of the Liberal Democratic Party of Moldova since December 2007.
Moldovan parliamentary election, 2009
In the April 2009 parliamentary election, his party won 15 seats and in the July 2009 parliamentary election PLDM became the second party in the country with 18 seats and the first party within the Alliance For European Integration.
Alliance for European Integration
After the July 2009 parliamentary election, alongside Mihai Ghimpu, Marian Lupu, and Serafim Urechean, Vlad Filat signed the Alliance For European Integration in a press-conference on August 8, 2009. Towards the end of August 2009, he became the candidate of the Alliance For European Integration for the post of Prime Minister of Moldova.
The Constitutional Court of Moldova confirmed earlier on September 17, 2009 the legitimacy of Mihai Ghimpu's position as Acting President of Moldova, which gave him the right to nominate a prime minister. On the same day, Ghimpu signed a decree nominating Filat for the office of prime minister. Earlier on September 17, the parliament approved a new government structure; according to the draft structure, the number of ministries remains unchanged at 16 but their names and responsibilities have been changed.
The Alliance for European Integration gave a vote of confidence to the new government headed by PM Vladimir Filat at a plenary meeting on September 25, 2009.
On March 8, 2013 Filat was dismissed by motion of censure following charges of corruption, abuse of power and influence peddling. In spite of this, President Nicolae Timofti decreed that members of the government should continue to exert their public duties until a new government were to be formed.
Subsequently on April 10, 2013 the President nominated Vlad Filat as a candidate for Prime Minister, authorizing him with the mission of forming a new government. However, on April 22, 2013, the Constitutional Court ruled that this decree is unconstitutional, stating that a Prime Minister ousted by vote of no confidence following suspicions of corruption cannot further perform this duty and that the President has the constitutional obligation to appoint in the interim capacity a member of the government whose integrity was not affected.
The President appointed Iurie Leancă as Acting Prime Minister on April 25, 2013.
Filat has divorced Sanda Filat in August 2012, a psychologist. They have two children: Luca (b. 1995) and Iustina (b. 1998).
Filat on April 7, 2009, during the protests
Filat and Herman Van Rompuy
Traian Băsescu and Filat
Mikheil Saakashvili and Filat
Filat and Yulia Tymoshenko
Filat and José Manuel Barroso
Filat and Mart Laar
Wilfried Martens and Filat
Filat and Valdis Dombrovskis
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Vlad Filat.|
- "Guvernul Filat a fost investit cu votul a 53 de deputaţi AIE. Şeful SIS a fos demis de către Parlament. Noul director este Mihai Gheorghe". 2009-09-25. Retrieved 2013-05-10.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Antena 3, Parlamentul Republicii Moldova a aprobat structura noului guvern
- Moțiune de cenzură asupra activității Guvernului
- Decretul nr. 534-VII, privind demisia Guvernului
- Curtea Constituţională, Menţinerea în funcţie a Prim-ministrului unui Guvern demis pentru motive de corupţie este neconstituţională
- www.filat.md Official Site of Vladimir Filat
- www.pldm.md Official Site of Liberal Democratic Party of Moldova
- News in Moldova about Vlad Filat
- Site of Vladimir Filat ?
|Prime Minister of Moldova
|President of Moldova