Vladimir Janjgava

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Vladimir Janjgava
Personal details
Born (1907-05-19)19 May 1907
Died 10 April 1982(1982-04-10) (aged 74)
Nationality Soviet
Political party Communist Party of the Soviet Union
Profession Soldier
Religion Georgian Orthodox Church
Awards Hero of the Soviet Union
Order of Lenin ribbon bar.png Order of Lenin ribbon bar.png Order october revolution rib.png Order of Red Banner ribbon bar.png
Order of Red Banner ribbon bar.png Order of Red Banner ribbon bar.png Order kutuzov1 rib.png Order gpw1 rib.png
Orderredbannerlabor rib.png Order redstar rib.png Order redstar rib.png Order badge of honor rib.png
Ethnicity Georgian
Military service
Allegiance  Soviet Union
Service/branch Soviet Army
Years of service 1927–1958
Rank Lieutenant General
Commands Soviet 676th Infantry Regiment
Soviet 15th Infantry Division
Soviet 354th Infantry Division
Soviet infantry corps
Battles/wars Winter War, Great Patriotic War, Battle of Voronezh (1942), Battle for Kursk, 1st Belorussian Front, 2nd Belorussian Front,(East Prussian Offensive), East Pomeranian Offensive, Battle of Berlin)

Vladimir (Nikolayevich) Janjgava (Georgian: ვლადიმერ ჯანჯღავა; May 19, 1907 – April 10, 1982) was a Lieutenant General and Hero of the Soviet Union who participated in battles during the Winter War and was specialist in infantry warfare during World War II. Janigava held command of various infantry regiments, divisions and corps of the soviet army.[1]

Early life

Janigava was born in the Georgian village of Gubi in May 1907. After graduating he entered military service in 1927 and specialized on military warfare at the Transcaucasus Military-Infantry School in the capital Tbilisi. During his service in various Soviet army formations, he rose through the ranks and participated in the Winter War as low rank officer.[2]

World War II

In 1941 when the Great Patriotic War broke out, Janjgava who was already promoted to Colonel, took part in various defensive operations against German forces in Moldavia and Donets Basin. From March 1942 to April 1943 he commanded the 676th Infantry Regiment and was engaged in critical defensive operations in and around the city of Voronezh, as well as the 1st and 2nd Kastornoye operations, both being part of the greater Voronezh-Voroshilovgrad Strategic Defensive. In July 1943 he took command of the Soviet 15th Infantry Division and was responsible for leading the general infantry assault on the left flank of the soviet army during the Battle of Kursk.

From 1944 he led the 354th Infantry Division at the 1st and 2nd Belorussian Front, participated in the liberation of Belorussia and Poland and, more important, the advance through East-Prussia and finally the attack on Berlin. At this point, Major General Janjgava skillfully managed to divide the fronts at the Weichsel, Narew and Oder rivers. The Division fought over a total distance of 1,000 kilometers, liberated Szczecin and participated in the liberation of a total of 20 other cities, before finally reaching Berlin. For outstanding performance and personal courage, Janjgava was awarded the title Hero of the Soviet Union and received various other decorations.[3][4]

Post War

In 1948, Janjgava graduated at the General Staff Academy (Russia) and became Lieutenant General. From then, he took command over several army corps before returning to Georgia, where he worked as director of the military department of the Tbilisi State University. Later he also became the leader of the DOSAAF central committee in the Georgian SSR. Vladimir Janjgava died in April 10, 1982 at the age of 75. He was buried in a cemetery near Tbilisi.[5]