Voiced dental and alveolar lateral fricatives

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Voiced alveolar lateral fricative
IPA number 149
Entity (decimal) ɮ
Unicode (hex) U+026E
Kirshenbaum z<lat>
Braille ⠇ (braille pattern dots-123) ⠐ (braille pattern dots-5) ⠮ (braille pattern dots-2346)

The voiced alveolar lateral fricative is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents voiced dental, alveolar, and postalveolar lateral fricatives is ⟨ɮ⟩, and the equivalent X-SAMPA symbol is K\.


Features of the voiced alveolar lateral fricative:


Dental or denti-alveolar

Language Word IPA Meaning Notes
Amis Kangko accent Interdental [ɮ̪͆]


Language Word IPA Meaning Notes
Adyghe къалэ About this sound [qaːɮa]  'town' Can also be pronounced as [l]
Bura[1] [example needed] Contrasts with [ɬ] and [ʎ̝̊].[1]
Kabardian блы About this sound [bɮə]  'seven' Can also be pronounced as [l]
Ket [example needed]
Mongolian долоо [tɔɮɔː] 'seven' Sometimes realized as [ɬ]
Sassarese a caldhu About this sound [ˈkaɮdu]  'hot'
Tera[2] dlepti [ɮè̞pti] 'planting'
Zulu[3] indlala [ínˈɮàlà] 'hunger'

In addition, a pharyngealized voiced alveolar lateral fricative About this sound [ɮˤ]  is reconstructed to be the ancient Classical Arabic pronunciation of Ḍād; the letter is now pronounced in Modern Standard Arabic as a pharyngealized voiced coronal stop, either alveolar [dˤ] or denti-alveolar [ˤ].

See also


  1. 1.0 1.1 Grønnum (2005:154–155)
  2. Tench (2007), p. 228.
  3. Ladefoged (2005:170)


  • Grønnum, Nina (2005), Fonetik og fonologi, Almen og Dansk (3rd ed.), Copenhagen: Akademisk Forlag, ISBN 87-500-3865-6<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Ladefoged, Peter (2005), Vowels and Consonants (2nd ed.), Blackwell<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Tench, Paul (2007), "Tera", Journal of the International Phonetic Association, 37 (1): 228–234, doi:10.1017/s0025100307002952<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>