Voiced labiodental affricate
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|Voiced labiodental affricate|
A voiced labiodental affricate ([b̪͡v] in IPA) is a rare affricate consonant that is initiated as a voiced labiodental stop [b̪] and released as a voiced labiodental fricative [v].
Features of the voiced labiodental affricate:
- Its manner of articulation is affricate, which means it is produced by first stopping the airflow entirely, then allowing air flow through a constricted channel at the place of articulation, causing turbulence.
- There are two variants of the stop component:
- bilabial, which means it is articulated with both lips. The affricate with this stop component is called bilabial-labiodental.
- labiodental, which means it is articulated with the lower lip and the upper teeth.
- The fricative component of this affricate is labiodental, articulated with the lower lip and the upper teeth.
- Its phonation is voiced, which means the vocal cords vibrate during the articulation.
- It is an oral consonant, which means air is allowed to escape through the mouth only.
- It is a central consonant, which means it is produced by directing the airstream along the center of the tongue, rather than to the sides.
- The airstream mechanism is pulmonic, which means it is articulated by pushing air solely with the lungs and diaphragm, as in most sounds.
|Dutch||Orsmaal-Gussenhoven dialect||vèès||[b̪͡vɛːs]||'screw'||Labiodental; occasional allophone of /v/; distribution unclear. See Orsmaal-Gussenhoven dialect phonology|
|Italian||Some central-south dialects||in vetta||[iɱˈb̪͡vet̪̚t̪ä]||'at the top'||Labiodental; allophone of /v/ after nasals. See Italian phonology|
|Luxembourgish||Hien huet säi Kampf opginn||[hiə̯n huə̯t z̥æːɪ̯ ˈkʰɑmb͡v‿ˈopɡ̊in]||'he has given up his fight'||Bilabial-labiodental, occurs only word-finally before words beginning with vowels (when pronounced without a pause between them) in German loanwords. See Luxembourgish phonology|
- ↑ 1.0 1.1 Peters (2010), p. 240.
- ↑ 2.0 2.1 Canepari (1992), p. 71.
- ↑ 3.0 3.1 Gilles & Trouvain (2013), pp. 72–73.
- Canepari, Luciano (1992), Il MªPi – Manuale di pronuncia italiana (in Italian), Bologna: Zanichelli, ISBN 88-08-24624-8 Unknown parameter
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- Gilles, Peter; Trouvain, Jürgen (2013), "Luxembourgish" (PDF), Journal of the International Phonetic Association, 43 (1): 67–74, doi:10.1017/S0025100312000278<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Peters, Jörg (2010), "The Flemish–Brabant dialect of Orsmaal–Gussenhoven", Journal of the International Phonetic Association, 40 (2): 239–246, doi:10.1017/S0025100310000083<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
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