Voiceless velar approximant
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|Voiceless velar approximant|
|IPA number||154 402A|
The voiceless velar approximant is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is ⟨ɰ̊⟩.
Features of the voiceless velar approximant:
- Its manner of articulation is approximant, which means it is produced by narrowing the vocal tract at the place of articulation, but not enough to produce a turbulent airstream.
- Its place of articulation is velar, which means it is articulated with the back of the tongue at the soft palate.
- Its phonation is voiceless, which means it is produced without vibrations of the vocal cords. In some languages the vocal cords are actively separated, so it is always voiceless; in others the cords are lax, so that it may take on the voicing of adjacent sounds.
- It is an oral consonant, which means air is allowed to escape through the mouth only.
- It is a central consonant, which means it is produced by directing the airstream along the center of the tongue, rather than to the sides.
- The airstream mechanism is pulmonic, which means it is articulated by pushing air solely with the lungs and diaphragm, as in most sounds.
|Norwegian||Brekke dialect||seg||[sɛɰ̊]||'oneself'||Coda allophone of /ɡ/; reported to occur only in this word. See Norwegian phonology|
|Bryne dialect||sterkeste||[stæɰ̊kɑstə]||'strongest'||Allophone of /r/ when it is in contact with voiceless consonants. Exact distribution may differ between dialects. In the Hafrsfjord dialect, [ɰ̊] may also occur in the word seg. See Norwegian phonology|
|Spanish||Standard European||Predrag||[ˈpɾe̞ð̞ɾäɰ̊]||'Predrag'||Allophone of /ɡ/ before a pause. See Spanish phonology|
- Wetzels, W. Leo; Mascaró, Joan (2001), "The Typology of Voicing and Devoicing" (PDF), Language, 77 (2): 207–244, doi:10.1353/lan.2001.0123<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>