Voiceless velar lateral approximant
From Infogalactic: the planetary knowledge core
|Voiceless velar lateral approximant|
|IPA number||158 402A|
The voiceless velar lateral approximant is a type of consonantal sound, used in a very small number of spoken languages in the world. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is ⟨ʟ̥⟩ (since 1989) and the equivalent X-SAMPA symbol is L\_0.
Features of the voiceless velar lateral approximant:
- Its manner of articulation is approximant, which means it is produced by narrowing the vocal tract at the place of articulation, but not enough to produce a turbulent airstream.
- Its place of articulation is velar, which means it is articulated with the back of the tongue at the soft palate.
- Its phonation is voiceless, which means it is produced without vibrations of the vocal cords. In some languages the vocal cords are actively separated, so it is always voiceless; in others the cords are lax, so that it may take on the voicing of adjacent sounds.
- It is an oral consonant, which means air is allowed to escape through the mouth only.
- It is a lateral consonant, which means it is produced by directing the airstream over the sides of the tongue, rather than down the middle.
- The airstream mechanism is pulmonic, which means it is articulated by pushing air solely with the lungs and diaphragm, as in most sounds.
|English||Western American||clear||[kʟ̥iːɻ]||'clear'||Possible allophone of /l/ after the aspirated allophone of /k/. See English phonology|
|German||Austrian||klar||[kʟ̥ɑː]||'clear'||Possible allophone of /l/ after the aspirated allophone of /k/. See Standard German phonology|
- ↑ 1.0 1.1 Grønnum (2005), p. 154.
- ↑ 2.0 2.1 Grønnum (2005), pp. 153–154.
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