Walter Göttsch

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Walter Göttsch
Born 10 June 1896
Altona, Hamburg, Germany
Died 10 April 1918(1918-04-10) (aged 21)
Bois Gentelles
Allegiance German Empire
Service/branch Aviation
Years of service 1915–1918
Rank Leutnant
Unit FA 33, Jasta 8
Commands held Jasta 19
Battles/wars World War I
Awards Royal House Order of Hohenzollern, Iron Cross

Leutnant Walter Göttsch was a German World War I flying ace credited with 20 aerial victories.[1]

Early life and service

Walter Göttsch was born in Altour, Germany on 10 June 1896. He volunteered for the German army on 1 July 1915. He was originally assigned to FA 33 to fly artillery cooperation missions in Flanders as a Vizefeldwebel.[2][3]

Service as a fighter pilot

After training as a fighter pilot, Göttsch was assigned to Royal Prussian Jagdstaffel 8 on 10 September 1916. On 4 November 1916, he destroyed a Belgian observation balloon for his first victory. He then scored twice more before winning a momentous dogfight on 7 January 1917; his opponent that day was Thomas Mottershead, who won a posthumous Victoria Cross. Göttsch won a double victory on 1 February, but then was shot down and wounded in action for the first time two days later.[3]

Because of his wounding, he would not score again until 6 April 1917. By 5 May, he had doubled his victory total to twelve. He was once again downed, probably by the observer of Harry G. E. Luchford's Royal Aircraft Factory FE.2d on 29 June. After this wounding, he did not win again until 17 July 1917. By 16 September, he had pushed his tally to 17, downing a Sopwith Camel that day. On 25 September, he fell under the guns of a Bristol F.2 Fighter, wounded once again in the same combat that saw Rudolf Wendelmuth's downing.[3] Göttsch returned to duty, but had no luck, being wounded for the fourth time on 25 November 1917[1] by James Dennis Payne.[4]

Command and death

Göttsch would not return to action until January 1918. On 14 February, he was given command of Royal Prussian Jagdstaffel 19.[2] The new Staffelführer would score only twice before his end, with back to back triumphs on 31 March and 1 April.[1]

Göttsch was killed in action on 10 April 1918 over Gentelles,[3] apparently by return fire from the observer of an RE-8 (his final victim), although German accounts also claim he was hit by ground fire. His Fokker Dr.I triplane,[5] marked with a swastika,[2] fell behind British lines and was salvaged.[5] Walter Göttsch's 20 victories included seven from 20 Squadron RAF; the score of victories would also have qualified him for a Blue Max had he survived.[3]

See also

Honors and awards

Notes

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 "Walter Göttsch". www.theraerodrome.com. Retrieved 25 February 2010.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 "Portrait: Walter Göttsch". Flieger Album.de. Retrieved 25 February 2010.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 Franks et al 1993, p. 118
  4. Shores et al, p. 299.
  5. 5.0 5.1 Franks, VanWyngarden 2001, p. 80.

References

  • Franks, Norman; Van Wyngarden, Greg (2001). Fokker Dr I Aces of World War I. Osprey Aircraft of the Aces # 40. Botley, Oxford: Osprey Publishing. ISBN 978-1-84176-223-4.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Shores, Christopher; Franks, Norman; Guest, Russell. Above the Trenches: A Complete Record of the Fighter Aces and Units of the British Empire Air Forces 1915–1920. Grub Street, 1990. ISBN 0-948817-19-4, ISBN 978-0-948817-19-9.