Yuriy Shukhevych

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Yuriy-Bohdan Romanovych Shukhevych
Юрій-Богдан Романович Шухевич
File:Yuri Shukhevych 2010 001.jpg
Yuriy Shukhevych in 2010.
Head of Ukrainian National Assembly – Ukrainian National Self Defence
In office
December 1990 – August 1994
In office
October 2006 – October 2014
Personal details
Born (1933-03-28) 28 March 1933 (age 89)
Ohladów, Lwów Voivodeship, Poland
Nationality Ukrainian
Political party Radical Party
Other political
affiliations
Ukrainian National Assembly – Ukrainian National Self Defence (December 1990 till October 2014)
Awards the tite of Hero of Ukraine
People's Deputy of Ukraine
8th convocation
November 27, 2014[1]Present
Elected as: Radical Party, No.5[2]

Yuriy-Bohdan Romanovych Shukhevych (Ukrainian: Ю́рій-Богда́н Рома́нович Шухе́вич, born 28 March 1933, Ohladów, Lwów Voivodeship, Poland) is a Ukrainian politician, member of the Ukrainian Helsinki Group, political prisoner, son of Roman Shukhevych. He is a former long serving leader of the Ukrainian National Assembly – Ukrainian National Self Defence.[3] Shukhevych spent over 30 years in the Soviet prisons and concentration camps.[4] In the 2014 Ukrainian parliamentary election Shukhevych was elected into the Ukrainian parliament for Radical Party.[5]

Biography

Yuriy Shukhevych was born on March 28, 1933 in the town of Ohladów, Lwów Voivodeship, Poland (now Lviv Oblast of Ukraine).[3] In 1944 when the West Ukraine was re-occupied by the Red Army, he was arrested with his mother and sent to Siberia. In 1946 Shukhevych was taken away from his mother to orphanage for children of enemies of the people in Donets Basin. He ran away twice back home, but later was taken back again. Already in 1948 started court proceedings against Shukhevych and when he turned 16, Shukhevych was convicted by the Soviet regime for 10 years in the Vladimir Central Prison for political position of his father.

In December 1990 Shukhevych was elected as head of Ukrainian National Assembly which itself was renamed Ukrainian National Assembly – Ukrainian National Self Defence (UNA-UNSO) in September 1991.[6]

Shukhevych failed to register as a candidate in the 1991 Ukrainian presidential election because of a failure to collect 100,000 signatures.[6][7]

In the 1994 Ukrainian parliamentary election Shukhevych failed to win an after winning no more than 7.44% of the votes in single-member districts in Zolochiv.[3]

In August 1994 Shukhevych retired from active political life because of health problems and relationships with other leaders of the party had finally deteriorated.[3]

Early 2006 Shukhevych returned to politics and entered in the electoral list of the UNA-UNSO for the March 2006 Ukrainian parliamentary election at number 1.[3] The party, however, lost the election, and gained no more than 0.06% of the total votes.[3][8] The party did not participate in the 2007 elections.[8]

On 19 August 2006 Shukhevych was awarded the title Hero of Ukraine "for civil courage, long-term social, political and human rights activities in the name of independence of Ukraine".[3]

In October 2006 UNA-UNSO re-elected Shukhevych as its chairman.[3] And again did so in June 2010.[9]

In February 2014 Shukhevych signed a petition that asked to respect the Russian language and Russian-speaking citizens of Ukraine lifestyle "so they do not feel like strangers in Ukraine".[3]

In October 2014 Shukhevych was removed from his post as UNA-UNSO chairman due to the fact that he had agreed to run for the parliamentary elections for Radical Party.[3] In the 2014 Ukrainian parliamentary election Shukhevych as a candidate (placed 5th on the party list) of Radical Party was elected into the Ukrainian parliament.[5][10]

References

  1. CEC registers 357 newly elected deputies of 422, National Radio Company of Ukraine (25 November 2014)
    Parliament to form leadership and coalition on November 27, UNIAN (26 November 2014)
  2. "People's Deputy of Ukraine of the VIII convocation". Official portal (in Ukrainian). Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine. Retrieved 23 December 2014.CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.7 3.8 3.9 (Ukrainian) Short bio, LB
  4. Ukrainian Nationalism in the 1990s: A Minority Faith by Andrew Wilson, Cambridge University Press, 1996, ISBN 0521574579 (page 276)
  5. 5.0 5.1 Olszański, Tadeusz A. (16 October 2014), Before the parliamentary elections in Ukraine, OSW—Centre for Eastern Studies<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  6. 6.0 6.1 The radical right in Central and Eastern Europe since 1989 by Sabrina Ramet, Pennsylvania University Press. 1999 ISBN 0-271-01810-0 (page 290 and continuing from there)
  7. Ukrainian Nationalism in the 1990s: A Minority Faith by Andrew Wilson, Cambridge University Press, 1996, ISBN 0521574579 (page 130)
  8. 8.0 8.1 (Ukrainian) Results of elections of 1998, 2002, 2006 and 2007 for UNA-UNSO, DA-TA
  9. Shukhevych re-elected as UNA-UNSO leader, Kyiv Post (30 June 2010)
  10. Ukraine’s Radical Party of Oleh Lyashko: Facts and Details, RIA Novosti (25/10/2014)

External links