Zündwaren monopoly

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File:Haushaltsware 3Pf Schachtel oben.jpg
Haushaltsware 3 Pfennig (30 Pfennig for a package of 10 boxes)
File:103 Welthölzer anagoria.JPG
Post-war Welthölzer, Deutsche Zündwaren-Monopolgesellschaft

The German Zündwaren monopoly (translated Monopoly for Safety Matches) began in 1930 when Germany's Reichstag passed a bill named Zündwarenmonopolgesetz ("Safety Matches Monopoly Law"), which allowed the Deutsche Zündwaren-Monopolgesellschaft (translated "German Society for the Safety Matches Monopoly") exclusive rights to distribute safety matches within the borders of the German Empire.[citation needed] The only brands the Deutsche Zündwaren-Monopolgesellschaft could distribute were Welthölzer ("World Matches") and Haushaltsware ("Household article"). Local German manufacturers obtained licenses to produce preassigned volumes to sell domestically and were not allowed to export these matches or to establish new firms.

The official monopoly had been acquired by Swedish entrepreneur Ivar Kreuger,[1][2] the "Match King", which made him a very rich man and remained in effect after the conclusion of World War II and through to 1983.[3] In 1930 the Weimar Republic struggled to deal with war reparations as determined by the Treaty of Versailles while it also tried to tackle the Great Depression. Ivar Kreuger mediated German-French reparation talks and provided Germany with a loan of 125 million Dollars[4] (at that time 500 million Reichsmark). The bonds ran until 1983 at which time the monopoly arrangement ended.[citation needed]



  1. Berfield, Susan (April 22, 2009). "The Bernie Madoff of the Jazz Age". New York: Bloomberg Businessweek. Retrieved 2012-08-06.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. Gäfvert, Björn. "Ivar Kreuger - The Hero who became a crook". Ericsson History. Centre for Business History, Stockholm and Telefonaktiebolaget LM Ericsson. Retrieved 2012-08-06.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. Salmon, Felix (August 13, 2009). "Blown Out". New York: The New York Times. Retrieved 2012-08-06.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. "The match king: Ivar Kreuger was the world's greatest swindler. He would have thrived today". London: The Economist. December 19, 2007. Retrieved 2012-08-06.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

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