Zmicier Zhylunovich

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Zmicier Zhylunovich (Belarusian-lacinka: Źmicier Žyłunovič, Belarusian-Cyrillic alphabet: Зьміцер Жылуновіч, transliterated from Russian: "Dmitri Zhilunovich") (October 13, 1887 – April 11, 1937) was a Belarusian poet, writer and journalist, known under pen name Tsishka Hartny (Ciška Hartny, Цішка Гартны), and a political leader.

He was the first head of a Soviet government in Belarus, the Socialist Soviet Republic of Byelorussia.[1]

In 1937, during the Great Purge in the Soviet Union, he was arrested as an "enemy of the Belarusian people" and committed suicide in prison.[1]


  1. 1.0 1.1 "Žyłunovič Źmicier", which cites the following sources: "Bieł. Sav. Enc., vol. 3, 1971, pp. 367–368; Ant.Adamovich. "Opposition to Sovietization..." N.Y. 1958, p. 193; The Modern Encyclopedia of Russian and Soviet History, vol. 12, 1979, pp. 87–88; Nioman, Minsk, no. 2, 1988, pp. 7–106."