This article is about the year 1732.
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1732 (MDCCXXXII) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (dominical letter FE) of the Gregorian calendar and a leap year starting on Saturday (dominical letter BA) of the Julian calendar, the 1732nd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 732nd year of the 2nd millennium, the 32nd year of the 18th century, and the 3rd year of the 1730s decade. Note that the Julian day for 1732 is 11 calendar days difference, which continued to be used from 1582 until the complete conversion of the Gregorian calendar was entirely done in 1929.
- January – Abbas III, Shah of Persia (d. 1740)
- January 17 – Stanislaw August Poniatowski, Polish King, Grand Duke of Lithuania (d. 1798)
- January 24 – Pierre de Beaumarchais, French writer (d. 1799)
- February – Charles Churchill, English poet (d. 1764)
- February 22 – George Washington, first President of the United States (d. 1799)
- March 31 – Joseph Haydn, Austrian composer (d. 1809)
- April 5 – Jean-Honoré Fragonard, French painter (d. 1806)
- April 8 – David Rittenhouse, American astronomer, inventor, mathematician, surveyor, scientific instrument craftsman, and public official (d. 1796)
- April 13 – Frederick North, Lord North, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1792)
- June 21 – Johann Christoph Friedrich Bach, German composer (d. 1795)
- September 2 – William Crawford, American soldier and surveyor (d. 1782)
- September 30 – Jacques Necker, French politician (d. 1804)
- October 6 – Nevil Maskelyne, English Astronomer Royal (d. 1811)
- November 13 – John Dickinson, Governor of Delaware and Pennsylvania (d. 1808)
- December 6 – Warren Hastings, British administrator (d. 1818)
- December 23 – Richard Arkwright, English inventor (d. 1792)
- date unknown
- January 12 – John Horsley, British archaeologist (b. c.1685)
- February 13 – Charles-René d'Hozier, French historian (b. 1640)
- February 17 – Louis Marchand, French organist and harpsichordist (b. 1669)
- February 22 – Francis Atterbury, English bishop and man of letters (b. 1663)
- March 20 – Johann Ernst Hanxleden, German philologist (b. 1681)
- May 20 – Thomas Boston, Scottish church leader (b. 1676)
- July 15 – Woodes Rogers, English privateer and first Royal Governor of the Bahamas (b. c. 1679)
- September 24 – Emperor Reigen of Japan (b. 1654)
- October 31 – Victor Amadeus II of Sardinia (b. 1666)
- December 4 – John Gay, English poet and dramatist (b. 1685)
- date unknown – Jiang Tingxi, Chinese painter, calligrapher, encyclopedist, foreign diplomat to Japan (b. 1669)