Princeton Theological Seminary
|Affiliation||Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.)|
|President||M. Craig Barnes|
|Location||Princeton, New Jersey, United States|
|Campus||Suburban, 23 acres (93,000 m²)|
|Website||Princeton Theological Seminary|
Princeton Theological Seminary (PTS) is a seminary in Princeton, New Jersey, and the largest of ten seminaries associated with the Presbyterian Church (USA). It is the second-oldest seminary in the United States, founded in 1812 under the auspices of Reverend Dr. Archibald Alexander, the General Assembly of the Presbyterian Church, and the College of New Jersey (now Princeton University).
Princeton Seminary has long been influential in theological scholarship, with leading and preeminent biblical scholars and theologians among its faculty and alumni. Its library's collections are well known, in particular, the Karl Barth Research Collection in the Center for Barth Studies.
During the 19th and early 20th centuries, Princeton Theological Seminary received widespread attention for its defense of Calvinistic Presbyterianism, a tradition that became known as Princeton Theology and greatly influenced Evangelicalism during the period. In response to the increasing influence of theological liberalism in the 1920s and the Fundamentalist–Modernist Controversy at the institution, several theologians left to form the Westminster Theological Seminary under the leadership of J. Gresham Machen.
Today, the Seminary enrolls 500 students, around 40% of whom are candidates for ministry in the Presbyterian Church. Remaining students are either candidates for ministry in other denominations or pursuing careers in academia or non-theological fields. Seminarians hold academic reciprocity with Princeton University as well as the Westminster Choir College of Rider University, New Brunswick Theological Seminary, Jewish Theological Seminary, and the School of Social Work at Rutgers University. The institution also has an ongoing relationship with the Center of Theological Inquiry. In 2012, M. Craig Barnes, former pastor of Shadyside Presbyterian Church in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, was elected as its new president.
- 1 History
- 2 Academics
- 3 Student life
- 4 Research
- 5 Princeton Theological Seminary people
- 6 Footnotes
- 7 Further reading
- 8 External links
The plan to establish a theological seminary in Princeton was in the interests of advancing and extending the theological curriculum. The educational intention was to go beyond the liberal arts course by setting up a postgraduate, professional school in theology. The plan met with enthusiastic approval on the part of authorities at the College of New Jersey, later to become Princeton University, for they were coming to see that specialized training in theology required more attention than they could give. The General Assembly of the Presbyterian Church established The Theological Seminary at Princeton, New Jersey in 1812, with the support of the directors of the nearby College of New Jersey (now Princeton University), as the second graduate theological school in the United States. The Seminary remains an institution of the Presbyterian Church (USA), being the largest of the ten theological seminaries affiliated with the 1.6-million-member denomination.
In 1812, the Seminary boasted three students and the Reverend Dr. Archibald Alexander as its first professor. By 1815 the number of students had gradually increased and work began on a building: Alexander Hall was designed by John McComb, Jr., a New York architect, and opened in 1817. The original cupola was added in 1827, but it burned in 1913 and was replaced in 1926. The building was simply called "Seminary" until 1893, when it was officially named Alexander Hall. Since its founding, Princeton Seminary has graduated approximately 14,000 men and women who have served the church in many capacities, from pastoral ministry and pastoral care to missionary work, Christian education and leadership in the academy and business.
The seminary was made famous during the 19th and early 20th centuries for its defense of Calvinistic Presbyterianism, particularly by men such as Charles Hodge, B.B. Warfield, J. Gresham Machen, and Geerhardus Vos. The college was later the center of the Fundamentalist-Modernist Controversy of the 1920s and 1930s. In 1929, the seminary was reorganized along modernist lines, and in response, Machen, along with three of his colleagues: Oswald T. Allis, Robert Dick Wilson and Cornelius Van Til, resigned, with Machen, Allis and Wilson founding Westminster Theological Seminary in Glenside, Pennsylvania. In 1958, Princeton became a seminary of the United Presbyterian Church in the U.S.A., following a merger between the Presbyterian Church in the U.S.A. and the United Presbyterian Church of North America, and in 1983, it would become a seminary of the Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.) after the merger between the UPCUSA and the Presbyterian Church in the U.S.
- Master of Divinity (M.Div.)
- Masters of Arts (M.A.)
- Master of Arts in Theological Studies (M.A.T.S.)
- Master of Theology (Th.M.)
- Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.)
- Dual M.Div./M.A. in Christian Education with foci in Youth & Young Adults, Teaching Ministry, or Spiritual Development
The Seminary's libraries comprise the largest theological collection in the United States and second in the world, behind only the Vatican Library in Rome. The library has over 1,252,503 bound volumes, pamphlets, and microfilms. It currently receives about 2,100 journals, annual reports of church bodies and learned societies, bulletins, transactions, and periodically issued indices, abstracts, and bibliographies. The Libraries are:
- Princeton Theological Seminary Library ("The New Library") was opened in 2013 and holds the bulk of the seminary's collection. The library is also home to the Center for Barth Studies, the Reigner Reading Room, and special collections including the Abraham Kuyper collection of Dutch Reformed Protestantism and personal libraries of theologians like Dr. Ashbel Green, Dr. William Buell Sprague, Prof. Joseph Addison Alexander, Dr. Alexander Balloch Grosart, Prof. William Henry Green, Prof. Samuel Miller, and Prof. B. B. Warfield.
- Speer Library, opened in 1957 and named in honor of the renowned missionary statesman Robert E. Speer. It was closed in late 2010 and was replaced by the new library.
- Henry Luce III Library, dedicated in 1994 and named in honor of a distinguished trustee, Henry Luce III, 350,000 volumes and 250 readers. This library was closed for renovation in 2013 and is slated to reopen in Fall 2014.
Built in 1834, Princeton's chapel was named to honor Samuel Miller, the second professor at the Seminary. It was designed in the Greek Revival style by Charles Steadman, who also designed the nearby Nassau Presbyterian Church. Originally located beside Alexander Hall, it was moved in 1933 toward the center of the campus, its steps now leading down onto the Seminary's main quad. Miller Chapel underwent a complete renovation in 2000, with the addition of the Joe R. Engle Organ.
In 2011, Princeton Theological Seminary's Office of Multicultural Relations and The Kaleidoscope Institute worked together to initiate an effort known as "Navigating the Waters," a program designed to promote cultural proficiency and diversity competency in faculty, staff, and students.
Center for Barth Studies
The Center for Barth Studies was established at Princeton Seminary in 1997 and is administered by a board of seminary faculty. The Center sponsors conferences, research opportunities, discussion groups, and publications that seek to advance understanding of the theology of Karl Barth (1886–1968), the Swiss-German professor and pastor widely regarded as the greatest theologian of the 20th century. The Karl Barth Research Collection, part of Special Collections in the Princeton Theological Seminary Libraries, supports the scholarly activities of the Center for Barth Studies. The Karl Barth Research Collection is acquiring an exhaustive collection of writings by and about Karl Barth. Although many volumes are still needed, the Research Collection has already acquired Barth's most important works in German and English, several first editions, and an original hand-written manuscript by Karl Barth.
Abraham Kuyper Center for Public Theology
The heart of the Abraham Kuyper Center for Public Theology is the Abraham Kuyper Collection of Dutch Reformed Protestantism in the library's Special Collections, which focuses on the theology and history of Dutch Reformed Protestantism since the nineteenth century and features a sizable assemblage of primary and secondary sources by and about Abraham Kuyper. The Center maintains in partnership with the Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam an online database of secondary literature about Abraham Kuyper.
The Center has also established an annual event organized to award the Abraham Kuyper Prize for Excellence in Reformed Theology and Public Life, during which the recipient delivers an address. The Abraham Kuyper Consultation, a series of further lectures, takes place on the following day.
Center of Theological Inquiry
In 1978 Princeton Theological Seminary's Board of Trustees established the Center as an independent, ecumenical institution for advanced theological research, "to inquire into the relationship between theological disciplines, [and of these with] ... both human and natural sciences, to inquire into the relationship between diverse religious traditions ... , to inquire into the present state of religious consciousness in the modern world, and to examine such other facets of religion in the modern world as may be appropriate ..." Today, the Center has its own board, funding, mission and staff, yet maintains close relations with Princeton Theological Seminary. Present director is William Storrar and director of research is Robin Lovin.
Theology Today Founded in 1944 at Princeton Theological Seminary, Theology Today is a peer-reviewed, quarterly journal of Christian theology.
Koinonia Journal is published annually by doctoral students at Princeton Theological Seminary. The publication and its annual forum promote written and face-to-face interdisciplinary discussion around issues in theology and the study of religion. It is distributed to well over 100 libraries worldwide.
Princeton Theological Review is a student run, annual and online journal that exists to serve students within the Princeton Theological Seminary body as well as the wider theological community. It is distributed to well over 100 libraries worldwide.
- Abraham Kuyper Lecture and Prize, held in April.
- The Alexander Thompson Lecture, held in February.
- The Frederick Neumann Memorial Lecture, held in November.
- Dr. Geddes W. Hanson Lecture, held in October.
- Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Lecture, held in March.
- The Princeton Lectures on Youth, Church, and Culture, held in April.
- The Stone Lectures, held in October. Brings an internationally distinguished scholar to the seminary each year to deliver a series of public lectures. Created in 1871 by Levi P. Stone of Orange, New Jersey, a director and also a trustee of the seminary. Previous lecturers include Abraham Kuyper (1898) and Nicholas Wolterstorff.
- Students' Lectureship on Missions, held in October.
- The Warfield Lectures, held in October, are an annual series of lectures which honor the memory of Annie Kinkead Warfield, wife of Benjamin Breckinridge Warfield, distinguished professor of theology at the seminary from 1887 to 1921. Previous distinguished lecturers include Karl Barth (1962), John Howard Yoder (1980), T. F. Torrance (1981), and Colin Gunton (1993).
- Women in Church and Ministry Lecture, held in February.
Frederick Buechner Prize
Acclaimed writer and theologian Frederick Buechner has long standing ties to Princeton Theological Seminary and the seminary has honored him with the creation of the Buechner Prize for Writing. Princeton will be sponsoring and hosting the Buechner Writing Workshop in June 2015. Also, Princeton Theological Seminary has given copies of Buechner's Telling the Truth to students as part of their graduation.
Princeton Theological Seminary people
Principals and Presidents of Princeton Theological Seminary
Prior to the creation of the office of President in 1902, the seminary was governed by the principal.
- The Principals
- Archibald Alexander (1812–1850)
- Charles Hodge (1851–1878)
- Archibald Alexander Hodge (1878–1886)
- B. B. Warfield (1887–1902)
- The Presidents
- Francis Landey Patton (1902–1913)
- J. Ross Stevenson (1914–1936)
- John A. Mackay (1936–1959)
- James I. McCord (1959–1983)
- Thomas W. Gillespie (1983–2004)
- Iain R. Torrance (2004–2012)
- M. Craig Barnes (2013–)
Notable faculty (past & present)
- Diogenes Allen
- Bernard W. Anderson
- Emil Brunner
- Donald Eric Capps
- James H. Charlesworth
- Kenda Creasy Dean
- F.W. Dobbs-Allsopp
- Karlfried Froehlich
- Freda Gardner
- Henry Snyder Gehman
- Gordon Graham
- George Hendry
- John Hick
- Archibald Alexander Hodge
- Charles Hodge
- Elmer G. Homrighausen
- George Hunsinger
- James Franklin Kay
- Cleophus LaRue
- J. Gresham Machen
- Bruce L. McCormack
- Elsie A. McKee
- Bruce Metzger
- Patrick D. Miller
- Samuel Miller
- James Moorhead
- Richard Osmer
- Otto Piper
- J.J.M. Roberts
- Paul Rorem
- Katharine Doob Sakenfeld
- C. L. Seow
- Richard Shaull
- Max L. Stackhouse
- Loren Stuckenbruck
- Mark Lewis Taylor
- Wentzel van Huyssteen
- Geerhardus Vos
- B.B. Warfield
- Robert Dick Wilson
- James Waddel Alexander, 1823
- William Patterson Alexander, missionary to Hawaii
- Oswald T. Allis, 1905
- Rubem Alves, 1968
- Gleason Archer, 1945, evangelical theologian
- Howard Baskerville
- Albert Barnes, 1823
- Louis Berkhof, 1904
- Loraine Boettner, 1929
- Greg Boyd, 1987
- James Montgomery Boice, 1963
- William Whiting Borden
- Robert Jefferson Breckinridge, 1832
- Dave Brat, 1990, Randolph-Macon College professor and Congressional candidate in Virginia's 7th District
- G. Thompson Brown, 1950, missionary, founder of Honam Theological Academy (now Honam Theological University and Seminary).
- Anna Carter Florence, 2000
- Shane Claiborne (attended but did not graduate)
- Hunter Corbett, was a pioneer American missionary to Yantai, Shandong China
- Jack Cottrell
- John Finley Crowe, 1815, founder of Hanover College
- Michael Simpson Culbertson, 1844, missionary to China
- William Dembski, Philosopher, Mathematician, and Intelligent Design advocate, 1995
- John H. Eastwood, 1941, chaplain US Army Air Corps 464th Bombardment Group in World War II
- Sherwood Eddy, 1896, missionary to India, YMCA leader, author, educator
- Bart D. Ehrman, 1985
- George Forell
- David Otis Fuller
- George Washington Gale, 1819, founder of Knox College
- Jim Garlow, pastor of Skyline Church
- James Leo Garrett Jr., 1949, theologian
- Thomas W. Gillespie, 1954, seminary president
- William H. Gray (Pennsylvania politician), 1970
- William Henry Green, 1846
- Francis James Grimké, 1878, African American Presbyterian pastor, co-founder of the NAACP
- Phineas Gurley, Abraham Lincoln's pastor
- Kyung-Chik Han, 1929, founder of Young Nak Presbyterian Church and winner of Templeton Prize
- John Will Harris, founder of the Interamerican University of Puerto Rico
- Charles Hodge, 1819
- Elmer George Homrighausen, 1924
- William Imbrie, missionary to Japan
- Thornwell Jacobs, 1899, founder of Oglethorpe University
- Sheldon Jackson, 1858, Presbyterian missionary in the Western United States, including Alaska
- Richard A. Jensen, 1962, theologian and author
- Elizabeth Johnson (New Testament Scholar), J. Davison Philips Professor of New Testament at Columbia Theological Seminary
- Toyohiko Kagawa, 1916
- Elijah P. Lovejoy, 1834, first American martyr for freedom of the press, Presbyterian pastor and publisher of an abolitionist newspaper in Alton, Illinois killed while defending the press from an angry mob
- Clarence Macartney, 1905
- John Gresham Machen, 1905, founder of Westminster Theological Seminary
- George Leslie Mackay, Canadian missionary to Taiwan
- John Maclean, Jr., 1818, president of Princeton University
- Allan MacRae, 1927, founder of Faith Theological Seminary and Biblical Theological Seminary
- Basil Manly, Jr., 1847
- David McKinney (publisher)
- Bruce Metzger, 1938
- Samuel H. Moffett, 1942, missionary, educator
- John Monteith, 1816, first president of the University of Michigan
- Frederick Augustus Muhlenberg (educator), 1839
- John Murray (theologian)
- John Williamson Nevin, 1826
- John Livingstone Nevius, missionary to China
- Kathleen M. O'Connor
- Francis Landey Patton, 1865
- Abune Paulos, Patriarch of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church
- Bradley Phillips, 1849, member of the Wisconsin State Assembly
- William Swan Plumer, 1826, Presbyterian clergyman, author and educator
- James Reeb, 1953, Civil Rights martyr
- George S. Rentz, ordained in 1909; Navy chaplain during World War I and World War II
- Jana Riess, 1994
- Jay Richards
- Samuel Simon Schmucker, 1820
- Louis P. Sheldon, 1960
- Robert B. Sloan, 1973, educator
- DeForest Soaries
- William Buell Sprague, 1819
- Ned B. Stonehouse, 1927
- Loren Stuckenbruck
- Lorna Taylor
- Charles Templeton, Canadian journalist
- Timothy Tennent, 1991
- Mark L. Tidd, United States Navy Admiral, 25th Chief of Chaplains
- Henry van Dyke, 1874
- Cornelius Van Til, 1924, presuppositional apologist
- Geerhardus Vos, 1885
- Benjamin Breckinridge Warfield, 1876
- Neil Clark Warren
- Victor Paul Wierwille, Th.M, founding president of The Way International biblical research, teaching and fellowship ministry in New Knoxville, Ohio
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- Princeton Seminary Library
- Karl Barth>Center for Barth Studies
- Reigner Christian Education Resource Collection
- Princeton Theological Seminary Library
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- Richard Osmer and Gordon Mikoski, With Piety and Learning: The History of Practical Theology at Princeton Theological Seminary 1812-2012. Lit Verlag, 2012.
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