|Birth name||Clarke Wallace Chant Floody|
April 28, 1918|
Chatham-Kent, Ontario, Canada
|Died||September 25, 1989(aged 71)|
|Service/branch||Royal Canadian Air Force|
|Years of service||1940–1945|
|Unit||No. 401 Squadron RCAF|
|Battles/wars||World War II|
|Awards||Order of the British Empire|
Flight Lieutenant Wally Floody MBE (April 28, 1918 – September 25, 1989) was an imprisoned Canadian World War II pilot who was instrumental in organizing and implementing the "Great Escape" from the German prisoner of war camp Stalag Luft III.
Clarke Wallace Chant Floody was born in Chatham, Ontario, and attended Northern Vocational School. In 1936 he headed north to work at the Preston East Dome Mines in Timmins, Ontario, as a mucker—shovelling the rock and mud into carts to be hauled up to the surface.
At the onset of the war, Floody was working on a ranch in Alberta when he decided to return home to enlist in the Royal Canadian Air Force (RCAF). He financed his trip back east by shovelling coal into the boiler of the locomotive for the entire trip back to Toronto. After learning that the RCAF was not quite ready for the huge influx of personnel, Wally and Betty married on May 24, 1940, and moved to Kirkland Lake, where Wally could go back to work in the mines.
In 1940, Floody and his wife were back in Toronto visiting family. Anxious to find out what was happening to his enlistment application, Floody checked with the recruiting office only to find his application was at the bottom of the pile. The reason: he was now married. After convincing the recruiting officer that "My wife backs me in this 100%", he was advised that the train was leaving for the BCATP air station in Brandon, Manitoba that evening. After a quick goodbye to his family Floody was on his way to becoming an operational pilot and flying with No. 401 Squadron.
Operating from RAF Biggin Hill in England, his Spitfire was shot down in 27 October 1941 over Saint-Omer, France, where he was met by two German soldiers. He was imprisoned at the POW camp Stalag Luft III at Sagan (now Żagań, Poland). There he joined the "X-Organization", headed by Roger Bushell (codenamed "Big-X"), who put Wally in charge of digging tunnels and their camouflage, for the upcoming escape attempts by Commonwealth and European prisoners.
However, in March 1944, the German guards, always suspicious of escapes, caught the telltale sign of sand being dropped by one of the 'penguins' out the bottom of his pant legs and immediately rounded up Wally and 19 others and transferred them to another camp in Belaria.
The escape of 76 men went ahead on the moonless night of March 24, 1944. Eventually the Germans caught all but three prisoners, and to make an example of them to all the other prisoners, Hitler ordered the execution of 50 of the recaptured Allied officers under the excuse that they were shot while attempting escape. At the end of the war Floody gave evidence about conditions in POW camps at the Nuremberg trials.
On September 22, 1946, two days after Betty's and Wally's first son Brian was born, they received news that Wally had been made an Member of the Order of the British Empire by King George VI; the citation reading, in part:
Flight Lieutenant (F/L) Floody made a thorough study of tunnelling work and devised many different methods & techniques. He became one of the leading organizers and indefatigable workers in the tunnels themselves. Besides being arduous, his work was frequently dangerous....F/L Floody was buried under heavy falls of sand.....but, despite all dangers and difficulties, F/L Floody persisted, showing a marked degree of courage and devotion to duty.
Returning to civilian life he became a businessman and co-founder of the Royal Canadian Air Force Prisoners of War Association. He died on September 25, 1989.
Feature film involvement
In early 1962, Floody received a phone call from director John Sturges. He told Floody he was planning to make a film based on the book by Paul Brickhill, an Australian flyer and writer who, like Floody, had spent time at Stalag Luft III. After Sturges's assurance that the film was to be as accurate as theatrically possible but true to the efforts of those prisoners and the atmosphere of the camps, Floody agreed to be technical adviser on the 1963 feature film The Great Escape which was filmed on locations in Germany during the summer of 1962. He is popularly considered the real-life counterpart to that film's fictional "Tunnel King", Danny Velinski, played by Charles Bronson.
- Hehner, Barbara (2004). The Tunnel King: The True Story of Wally Floody & the Great Escape. Harper Trophy Canada. ISBN 0-00-639477-9.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- "27.10.1941 No. 401 Squadron Spitfire Vb W3601 Fl/Sgt. Thompson". Aircrew Remembered. 2014. Retrieved November 28, 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- The London Gazette: . 27 September 1946.
- "History in film – The Great Escape". Historyinfilm.com. Retrieved 2014-08-26.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- "BBC – The Great Escape". BBC. Retrieved 2014-08-26.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- "Obituary: Wally Floody". The Daily Telegraph. London, UK. September 27, 1989.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- RCAF No. 401 Squadron
- Stewart, Ian (October 29, 2004). "The Tunnel King: The True Story of Wally Floody and the Great Escape". CM Magazine. XI (5).<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>