André Chamson (6 June 1900 – 9 November 1983) was a French archivist, novelist and essayist. He was the father of the novelist Frédérique Hébrard.
Chamson was born at, Nîmes, Gard. Having studied at the École des chartes, as an archiviste paléographe (graduation 1924), he was the founder-director of the journal Vendredi and a museum curator before the Second World War. After the War he was on the editorial board of the magazine Europe at the time of its revival in 1946; he was a curator at the Musée du Petit Palais, and (from 1959 to 1971) director of the Archives de France.
He was President of PEN International, the worldwide association of writers, from 1956 to 1959.
He was elected to the Académie française on 17 May 1956 by 18 votes – including Jules Romains, André Maurois and Georges Duhamel – to succeed Ernest Seillière. In 1958, he was elected mainteneur of the Académie des Jeux floraux.
A Protestant, generous and sociable in both his life and his writing, he set most of his tales in the Cévennes, his birthplace (Roux le bandit, 1925; Les Hommes de la route, 1927; Le Crime des justes, 1928; L'Auberge de l'Abîme, 1933; La Neige et la Fleur, 1951; La Tour de Constance, 1970). He spoke seven times at the Assemblées du Désert (1935, 1954, 1958, 1967, 1972, 1975 and 1979), an annual gathering of Protestants held on the first Sunday of September on the grounds of the Musée du Désert, at the village of Mas Soubeyran in the Gard department. During the Second World War he was in charge of large sections of the Louvre ; he succeeded in hiding some of the most famous art treasures, including The Venus of Milo near Valencay, in a chateau, in the provinces. Later in the Warhe joined the armed Tesistance and became a major in the French units under General de Lattre de Tassigny Chamson died in Paris in 1983. He is buried with his wife near Pic de Barette in Valleraugue, overlooking the Taleyrac valley.
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