House of Braganza-Saxe-Coburg and Gotha

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House of Braganza-Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
Casa de Bragança-Saxe-Coburgo e Gotha
Country Flag Portugal (1830).svg Kingdom of Portugal
Parent house House of Braganza
House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (male line)
Founded 9 April 1836
Final ruler Manuel II
Current head Extinct
Deposition 5 October 1910

The House of Braganza-Saxe-Coburg and Gotha[1] (also known as the House of Coburg-Braganza)[2] was a dynasty that ruled the Kingdom of Portugal from 1853 until the declaration of the republic in 1910. It descended from a distaff line of the House of Braganza.

The designation Braganza-Saxe-Coburg and Gotha is prevalent mainly in the writings of non-Portuguese historians and genealogists, due to the last four Kings of Portugal descending from Queen Maria II of Portugal, from the House of Braganza, and Prince Ferdinand of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha Koháry. European custom classifies a descendant branch on the basis of patrilineal descent, which means that the House of Braganza-Saxe-Coburg and Gotha is a cadet branch of the House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, and therefore of the House of Wettin.

Nonetheless, the Portuguese constitution stated that the House of Braganza was the ruling house of Portugal, by way of Queen Maria II, and her descendants still continued to style themselves as members of the House of Braganza, as opposed to Saxe-Coburg-Gotha-Braganza.[3]

As there are no living descendants left in Portugal, the claim to the crown of Portugal is again with the House of Braganza.


The royal house was founded by Prince Ferdinand of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha who on 9 April 1836 married Queen Maria II of Portugal from the House of Braganza. Members of the royal house held the title Infante (or Infanta) of Portugal and Duke (or Duchess) of Saxony.[4] On 15 November 1853, Queen Maria II died, and her eldest son succeeded to the throne as Pedro V, the first king of the Braganza-Saxe-Coburg and Gotha dynasty.

The dynasty remained on the throne until the outbreak in Portugal of the 5 October 1910 revolution when King Manuel II was deposed and the Portuguese First Republic was established. Manuel II went into exile in England, and, with his death on 2 July 1932, the House of Braganza-Saxe-Coburg and Gotha became extinct.[1]

Before his death, King Manuel II reconciled with the rival Miguelist branch of the House of Braganza, who had claimed the Portuguese throne since 1834, in opposition to the Braganza-Saxe-Coburg and Gotha dynasty. So, with his death, the claim to the throne of Portugal passed to the pretender, Duarte Nuno, Duke of Braganza.[5][6]


Family tree

Fernando II
Maria II
Stephanie of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen
Pedro V
Luís I
Maria Pia of Savoy
Maria Anna
Amélie of Orléans
Carlos I
Nevada Stoody Hayes
Luís Filipe
Manuel II
Augusta Victoria of Hohenzollern


  1. 1.0 1.1 Almanach de Gotha (175th ed.). Justus Perthes. 1938. p. 112.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. Maclagan, Michael (2002). Lines of Succession. Tables by Jiri Louda. Time Warner Books. p. 187. ISBN 0-316-72428-9.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. Almanach de Gotha (146th ed.). Justus Perthes. 1909. p. 66.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. "Monarchist Breach Closed In Portugal". The New York Times. 1930-05-18. p. N1.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  6. "Successor Expects Throne". The New York Times. 1932-07-06. p. 19.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

Further reading

  • PINTO, Albano Anthero da Silveira; VISCONDE, Augusto Romano Sanches de Baêna e Farinha; Resenha das familías titulares e grandes de Portugal (Volume 1). Lisboa: Empreza Editora de Francisco Arthur da Silva (1883). Pág. 313
  • McCULLOCH, John Ramsay; A Dictionary, Geographical, Statistical, and Historical: of the various Countries, Places, and Principal Natural Objects in the World (Volume 4). Longmans: Green (1866). Pág. 14
  • Almanach de Gotha. Justus Perthes Publishing House in Gotha; 175th ed.
  • American Annals of Education (Volume 18). Otis: Broaders (1869).
  • ROBINSON, James Harvey; BEARD, Charles Austin; The development of modern Europe: an introduction to the study of current history. Ginn & Company (1908). Pág. 27.
  • The British Almanac: Containing Astronomical, Official and Other Information Relating to the British Isles, the Dominions Oversea and Foreign Countries. Stationers Company (1909). Pág. 457
  • W.H. De Puy; The Century Reference Library of Universal Knowledge (Volume 8). National Newspapers Company (1909).
  • ROLT-WHEELER, Francis; DRINKER, Frederick E.; The World War for Liberty: A Comprehensive and Authentic History of the War by Land, Sea and Air. C.H. Robinson Company (1919). Pág. 382
  • COLENBRANDER, Herman Theodoor; deel. Algemeene koloniale geschiedenis. M. Nijhoff (1925). Pág. 26.
  • Current History (Volume 38). New York Times Company (1933). Pág. 239.
  • The Catholic Encyclopedia: Laprade-Mass. Appleton (1950). Pág. 282.
  • FRANCIS, John Michael (Editor); Iberia and the Americas: Culture, Politics, and History (Transatlantic Relations), 3 Volumes Set. ABC-CLIO (November 21, 2005). Págs. 724 e 1112.
  • OLIVEIRA, Barradas de; Quando os cravos murcham (Volume 2). Edições FP (1984). Pág. 41.
  • FIGUEIREDO, Fidelino de; Revista de História (Volumes 10-11). Emprêsa Literária Fluminense (1921). Pág. 220.

External links

House of Braganza-Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
Cadet branch of the House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
Preceded by
House of Braganza
Coat of arms of the Kingdom of Portugal (Enciclopedie Diderot).svg
Ruling House of the Kingdom of Portugal

Monarchy Abolished