Khorezm People's Soviet Republic

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Khorezm People's Soviet Republic
Xorazm Xalq Sho'ro Jumhuriyati  (Uzbek)
Хорезмская Народная Советская Республика (Russian)
State Emblem
State Emblem
Butun dunyo proletarlari, birlashingiz!
"Proletarians of all countries, unite!"
The Khorezm People's Soviet Republic in 1922.
Capital Khiva
Languages Uzbek
Government Socialist republic
 •  1920–1921 (first) Hoji Pahlavon Niyoz Yusuf
 •  1924–1925 (last) Temurkhoja Yaminoghli
Historical era Interwar period
 •  Abdication of Sayid Abdullah 2 February 1920
 •  Republic established
26 April 1920
 •  National delimitation of Soviet Central Asia
17 February 1925
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Khanate of Khiva
Uzbek Soviet Socialist Republic
Turkmen Soviet Socialist Republic
Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic
Today part of  Turkmenistan

The Khorezm People's Soviet Republic (Uzbek: Xorazm Xalq Sho'ro Jumhuriyati; Russian: Хорезмская Народная Советская Республика, Khorezmskaya Narodnaya Sovetskaya Respublika) was created as the successor to the Khanate of Khiva in February 1920, when the khan abdicated in response to popular pressure, and officially declared by the First Khorezm Kurultay (Assembly) on 26 April 1920. On 20 October 1923, it was transformed into the Khorezm Socialist Soviet Republic (Russian: Хорезмская ССР, Khorezmskaya SSR).[1]

500-roubles coin of 1920–21.

On 27 October 1924 the Khorezm SSR was divided between Uzbek and Turkmen SSRs and the Karakalpak Autonomous Oblast as part of the delimitation of Central Asia according to nationalities.[2]


Chairman of the Revolutionary Committee

Chairman of the Provisional Government

Chairmen of the Presidium of the Assembly of People's Representatives

Chairmen of the Presidium of the Central Executive Committee

Postage stamp of the Khorezm People's National Republic, 1922.


The Khorezm People's National Republic bordered on the Turkestan Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic to the north and to the south, and on the Bukharan People's Soviet Republic to the east. Its western border was a rough continuation of the western coast of Aral Sea, bordering on what was then the Kirghiz ASSR (today's western Kazakhstan). It had an area of 62,200 km2 (24,000 sq mi) and a population of more than 600,000 people, mainly Uzbeks (62.5%), Turkmens (28.6%), Kazakhs (3.5%), and Karakalpaks (3.0%). Its capital was Khiva.[1]

See also


  1. 1.0 1.1 Khorezm People's Soviet Republic: Big Soviet Encyclopedia on-line edition. (Russian)
  2. Погорельский И.В. История Хивинской революции и Хорезмской народной советской республики 1917-1924 гг., Ленинград: Изд-во ЛГУ, 1984

External links