Georgy Baydukov

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Georgy Baydukov
File:Baidukov Chkalov Belyakov.jpg
Georgy Baydukov, Valery Chkalov and Alexander Belyakov in 1937
Born 13 May 1907
Taryshta, Tomsk Governorate, Russian Empire
Died 28 December 1994(1994-12-28) (aged 87)
Moscow, Russia
Allegiance  Soviet Union
Rank Colonel general of the aviation
Other work writer

Georgy Filippovich Baydukov (Russian: Гео́ргий Фили́ппович Байдуко́в; May 13 1907 [O.S. May 26] — December 28, 1994) was a Soviet aircraft test pilot, a Hero of the Soviet Union (1936) and a writer.

Early years

Georgy Baydukov had been born in Taryshta railway station in the Tomsk Governorate of the Russian Empire (now Novosibirsk Oblast, Russia) to a railway worker. He became an orphan in the age of 9 and had been homeless for some time. Baidukov had been taken to orphanage and worked at railway construction for some time.

Georgy Baydukov enlisted into the Red Army in 1926. He graduated Air Force Technical School and Kacha school for the military pilots in 1928 and served as a fighter pilot in 1928-1931.

Test pilot

Georgy Baydukov had been transferred to an Air Force's Testing institute and became an aircraft test pilot in 1931. He tested number of fighter planes in 1931-1934 and had been instrumental in developing instrument flight rules for the USSR's Air Force.

Ultralong Flights

Georgy Baydukov became a student of Air Force Academy in 1934. During that time he became involved with number of ultralong flights conducted by the Soviet Union. He tried to reach North America flying from Russia through the North Pole in August 1935 as a member of Levanevsky's crew, flying the ANT-25. The flight had been terminated because of technical problems. Baydukov continued to participate in ANT-25's testing in 1935-1936.

Valery Chkalov, Georgiy Baydukov and A. V. Belyakov flew an improved ANT-25 through the North Pole to Udd Island, in the Sea of Okhotsk (distance 9,374 km, flight time 56 h 20 min) from July 20, 1936 to July 22, 1936. Georgiy Baydukov had been awarded the title of the Hero of the Soviet Union for this deed July 24, 1936.

The same crew piloted an ANT-25 from Moscow to Vancouver, Washington through the North Pole from June 18, 1937 to June 20, 1937 (distance 8,504 km).

Georgy Baydukov resumed his work as a test pilot in 1937. He tested PE-2 and SB bombers, as well as participated in tests of a DB-A bomber.

During the Second World War

Georgy Baydukov participated in the Soviet-Finnish War in 1939-1940. He served in 85th Bomber Regiment.

Soviet leader Joseph Stalin sent Baydukov to meet with US president Franklin D. Roosevelt to secure the purchase of warplanes in 1941. He managed to arrange the sale of several P-39 Airacobra fighter planes to the Soviet Union.[1] He returned to the front lines in January 1942.

Baydukov served as a deputy commander of the 31st Air Force Division, commander of the air force of 4th strike army, commander of the 212nd (since May 1943 - the 4th Guard) Air Force Division. Commander of an Air Force Corps since January 1944.

Post-War years

Georgy Baydukov had served with the Soviet Air Force in various capacities until 1988, when he retired with the rank of General Colonel.

Honours and awards

Foreign awards

See also


  1. Gribanov, Stanislav. "Te role of us lend‐lease aircraft in Russia in World War II". The Journal of Slavic Military Studies. 11 (1): 96–115. doi:10.1080/13518049808430330.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. «Рекорды Советской наградной системы» Емельянов Ю. Н., Шляхтин А. В.