Oskar Kummetz

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Oskar Kummetz
Bundesarchiv Bild 183-L17874, Kummetz (crop).jpg
Born (1891-07-21)21 July 1891
Illowo in the district of Neidenburg, East Prussia
Died 17 December 1980(1980-12-17) (aged 89)
Neustadt an der Weinstraße
Allegiance  German Empire (to 1918)
 Weimar Republic (to 1933)
 Nazi Germany
Service/branch  Kaiserliche Marine
 Reichsmarine
 Kriegsmarine
Years of service 1910–45
Rank Generaladmiral
Unit SMS Victoria Louise
SMS Helgoland
SMS Posen
Commands held Kampfgruppe "Oslo"
Battles/wars World War I

World War II

Awards Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross

Oskar Kummetz (21 July 1891 – 17 December 1980) was a Generaladmiral with the Kriegsmarine during World War II. He also served in the Kaiserliche Marine during World War I. Kummetz was awarded the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross (German: Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes) for his actions in the Battle of Drøbak Sound, during which his command, the Blücher was hit in the superstructure by two 28 cm shells from Norwegian fortress Oscarsborg, 15 cm shells from Kopås fortress and 5,7 cm gunfire from Husvik fortress. From Kaholmen "Blücher" was hit by two torpedoes and she sank 84 meters below the sound. The Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross was awarded to recognise extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership. His next command, the Admiral Hipper unsuccessfully attacked a British convoy during the Battle of the Barents Sea, and the Hipper was damaged by British cruisers, while his escort, the Z16 Friedrich Eckoldt was sunk with all hands by HMS Sheffield (C24).

Awards

References

Citations

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.8 Dörr 1995, p. 380.
  2. Fellgiebel 2000, p. 279.
  3. Scherzer 2007, p. 484.

Bibliography

  • Dörr, Manfred (1995). Die Ritterkreuzträger der Überwasserstreitkräfte der Kriegsmarine, Band 1: A-K (in German). Osnabrück, Germany: Biblio Verlag. ISBN 3-7648-2453-0.
  • Fellgiebel, Walther-Peer (2000) [1986]. Die Träger des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939–1945 — Die Inhaber der höchsten Auszeichnung des Zweiten Weltkrieges aller Wehrmachtteile (in German). Friedberg, Germany: Podzun-Pallas. ISBN 978-3-7909-0284-6. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help)CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Range, Clemens (1974). Die Ritterkreuzträger der Kriegsmarine. Stuttgart, Germany: Motorbuch Verlag. ISBN 978-3-87943-355-1. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Scherzer, Veit (2007). Die Ritterkreuzträger 1939–1945 Die Inhaber des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939 von Heer, Luftwaffe, Kriegsmarine, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm sowie mit Deutschland verbündeter Streitkräfte nach den Unterlagen des Bundesarchives (in German). Jena, Germany: Scherzers Miltaer-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-938845-17-2. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help)CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
Military offices
Preceded by
Korvettenkapitän Kurt Fricke
Führer der Torpedoboote (F.d.T.) 1933–1939
25 September 1933 – 5 October 1934
Succeeded by
Konteradmiral Günther Lütjens