Kara-class cruiser

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Kara class cruiser Kerch
Class overview
Name: Kara class
Builders: 61 Kommunara Zavod Black Sea Shipyard
Preceded by: Kresta II class
Succeeded by: Udaloy class / Slava class
Completed: 7
Laid up: Kerch
Lost: 1
Retired: 5
General characteristics
Type: Guided missile cruiser
  • 8,200 tons standard
  • 9,700 tons full load[1]
Length: 173.2 m (568 ft 3 in)
Beam: 18.6 m (61 ft 0 in)
Draught: 6.7 m (22 ft 0 in)
Propulsion: 2 shaft COGAG, 4 gas turbines, 120,000 hp (89,000 kW)
Speed: 34 knots (63 km/h; 39 mph)
Range: 9,000 miles
Complement: 380
Aircraft carried: 1 Kamov Ka-25 'Hormone-A' or Kamov Ka-27 'Helix'

The Kara class were Cold War era Soviet warships designated guided missile cruisers by NATO. The Soviet designation is Project 1134B Berkut B - Беркут Б (Golden Eagle) and the Soviet mission description is "large anti-submarine warfare ship" (BPK) and not "cruiser".


These ships were enlarged versions of the Kresta II class, with gas turbine engines replacing the steam turbines. These ships were fitted as flagships with improved command, control and communications facilities. These are dedicated ASW ships with significant anti-aircraft capability including both SA-N-3 and SA-N-4 surface-to-air missiles.

The specifications for the class were issued in 1964 with the design being finalised in the late 1960s. The gas turbine engine was chosen instead of steam for greater efficiency and quietness, and because the main Soviet gas turbine plant had a long association with the Nikolayev shipyards.

The cruiser Azov was constructed as a trials ship for the SA-N-6 missile system and was also fitted with the associated Top Dome Radar. During the Cold War she was confined to the Black Sea.


These ships were built by the 61 Kommunar Shipyard at Mykolaiv (Nikolayev) on the Black Sea.

Ship Fleet Laid Down Launched Completed Fate/Status
Nikolayev - Николаев Black Sea 25 June 1968 19 December 1969 31 December 1971 Scrapped in 1994
Ochakov - Очаков Black Sea 19 December 1969 30 April 1971 4 November 1973 Decommissioned 22 August 2011, purposely sunk in channel of Donuzlav Bay 6 March 2014
Kerch - Керчь Black Sea 30 April 1971 21 July 1972 26 December 1974 Out of service after fire in 2014 December. In reserve. Could be repaired and returned to active service.
Azov - Азов Black Sea 21 July 1972 14 September 1973 25 December 1975 Decommissioned 28 December 1998, scrapped at Inkerman (Sevastopol) in 1999-2000
Petropavlovsk - Петропавловск Russian Pacific Fleet 9 September 1973 22 November 1974 29 December 1976 Sold for scrap in 1996.
Tashkent - Ташкент Pacific Fleet 22 November 1974 5 November 1975 21 December 1977 Sold for scrap in 1994
Vladivostok - Владивосток - (ex Tallinn) Black Sea Fleet 5 November 1975 5 November 1976 31 December 1979 Sold for scrap in 1994

See also


  1. Chant, Chris (2004). Warships Today. Summertime Publishing Ltd. p. 98. ISBN 0-7607-6700-9.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Gardiner, Robert (ed.) (1995). Conway's all the World's Fighting Ships 1947-1995. London: Conway Maritime. ISBN 0-85177-605-1. OCLC 34284130.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles> Also published as Gardiner, Robert; Chumbley, Stephen; Budzbon, Przemysław (1995). Conway's all the World's Fighting Ships 1947-1995. Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 1-55750-132-7. OCLC 34267261.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

External links