Otto Schünemann

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Otto Schünemann
Born (1891-10-06)6 October 1891
Bad Doberan, Grand Duchy of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, German Empire
Died 29 June 1944(1944-06-29) (aged 52)
Mogilev, Belarussian SSR, Soviet Union now Mogilev Region, Belarus
Allegiance  German Empire (to 1918)
 Weimar Republic (to 1920)
 Nazi Germany
Service/branch Heer
Years of service 1908–20
1936–44
Rank Generalleutnant
Commands held 337. Infanterie-Division
XXXIX. Panzer-Korps
Battles/wars World War I

World War II

Awards Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves
Other work Police officer

Otto Schünemann (6 October 1891 – 29 June 1944) was a Generalleutnant in the Wehrmacht during World War II, and one of only 882 recipients of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves. The Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross and its higher grade Oak Leaves was awarded to recognise extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership. Otto Schünemann was killed on 29 June 1944 in near Mogilev in Belarus during Operation Bagration. Otto Schünemann commanded the XXXIX. Panzer-Korps for only one day before being killed, he was replacing the previous commander General der Artillerie Robert Martinek who was killed 28 June 1944.

Awards and decorations

Wehrmachtbericht reference

Date Original German Wehrmachtbericht wording Direct English translation
3 July 1944 In den schweren Abwehrkämpfen fanden die Kommandierenden Generale, General der Artillerie Martinek und General der Artillerie Pfeiffer sowie Generalleutnant Schünemann, an der Spitze ihrer Korps kämpfend, getreu ihrem Fahneneid, den Heldentod.[5] During the heavy defensive fighting, the corps commanders, General of Artillery Martinek and General of Artillery Pfeiffer as well as Lieutenant General Schünemann, found true to their oath of allegiance, a heroic death at the head of their fighting corps.

References

Citations

  1. 1.0 1.1 Thomas 1998, p. 294.
  2. Patzwall & Scherzer 2001, p. 432.
  3. Fellgiebel 2000, p. 317.
  4. Fellgiebel 2000, p. 65.
  5. Die Wehrmachtberichte 1939–1945 Band 3, p. 148.

Bibliography

  • Fellgiebel, Walther-Peer (2000) [1986]. Die Träger des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939–1945 — Die Inhaber der höchsten Auszeichnung des Zweiten Weltkrieges aller Wehrmachtteile (in German). Friedberg, Germany: Podzun-Pallas. ISBN 978-3-7909-0284-6. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help) <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Patzwall, Klaus D.; Scherzer, Veit (2001). Das Deutsche Kreuz 1941 – 1945 Geschichte und Inhaber Band II (in German). Norderstedt, Germany: Verlag Klaus D. Patzwall. ISBN 978-3-931533-45-8. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help) <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Schaulen, Fritjof (2005). Eichenlaubträger 1940 – 1945 Zeitgeschichte in Farbe III Radusch – Zwernemann (in German). Selent, Germany: Pour le Mérite. ISBN 978-3-932381-22-5. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help) <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Scherzer, Veit (2007). Die Ritterkreuzträger 1939–1945 Die Inhaber des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939 von Heer, Luftwaffe, Kriegsmarine, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm sowie mit Deutschland verbündeter Streitkräfte nach den Unterlagen des Bundesarchives (in German). Jena, Germany: Scherzers Miltaer-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-938845-17-2. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help) <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Thomas, Franz (1998). Die Eichenlaubträger 1939–1945 Band 2: L–Z (in German). Osnabrück, Germany: Biblio-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-7648-2300-9. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help) <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Die Wehrmachtberichte 1939–1945 Band 3, 1. Januar 1944 bis 9. Mai 1945 (in German). München, Germany: Deutscher Taschenbuch Verlag GmbH & Co. KG. 1985. ISBN 978-3-423-05944-2. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help) <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
Military offices
Preceded by
General der Artillerie Erich Marcks
Commander of 337. Infanterie-Division
5 October 1942 – 27 December 1943
Succeeded by
Generalleutnant Walter Scheller
Preceded by
General der Artillerie Robert Martinek
Commander of XXXIX. Panzer-Korps
28 June 1944 – 29 June 1944
Succeeded by
General der Panzertruppen Dietrich von Saucken